The Temple of Minerva Medica is a neo-classical building hidden in a wood of oaks, near the village of Montefoscoli. It was erected between 1821 and 1823 by the wish of Andrea Vaccà Berlinghieri, physician and luminary of the University of Pisa. His intention was to devote a monument to his father Francesco, also a physician and a mason, celebrating their profession with a dedication to the goddess of medicine, Minerva Medica.
The temple is built almost entirely in terracotta. The façade and the sides are placed on a wide platform 15 metres wide and 7 metres deep, which is accessed via a wide stairway in stone, on whose top rest 8 mighty columns in Ionic style.
The whole structure is characterized by a multitude of decorative elements and symbols, some in marble, some in chalk and some in terracotta, which make this building a truly elegant and mysterious work of art. Inside the temple there is a hallway, separated from the main semicircular chamber by two columns, which also sustain the upper small balcony, once used by musicians. Three large windows illuminate the ground floor. The upper floor can be reached from the left room, via a stone staircase. Some rooms are of uncertain function ; one is dedicated to the orchestra.