The Montefalcone State Reserve is the most important protected area in the Cerbaie Hills, set in the Lower Valdarno, flanked by the Bientina and Fucecchio marshes (named “padule”)
The area stretches over 500 hectares alternating high plains and thalwegs. The latter are known as “little valleys,” mean that they are narrow in the mountains and wider further down, characterized by occasional flooding.
This landscape is incredibly beautiful thanks to the presence of a lush forest. The area is covered by extensive woods of maritime pine and Mediterranean scrub, home to deer and wild boar, as well as wolves, dormice, beech martens, skunks and weasels. In the wetlands live grey herons, common kingfishers and mallards.