Set in the Val Graziosa, at the foot of the Pisa Mount, Calci takes its name from the ancient Roman limestone (calce) quarries. The territory represents a unique environmental context, a natural basin with slopes that have been terraced by man and cultivated with olives, which produce a top quality, highly sought after oil.
Since the Middle Ages the abundance of water, channelled into the River Arno from the nearby secondary rivers, has resulted in a thriving activity with olives and cereals which since the early 1900s gave Calci the name “Paese dei cento mulini” (village of a hundred mills).
Calci lies in a unique environment that features terraced slopes, characteristic spots and charming villages, kilometres of accessible itineraries for beautiful walks and cycling trips surrounded by nature and dominated by the imposing ruins of the Verruca Fortress.
Among the architectural little gems are the Romanesque Pieve of San Giovanni and Ermolao, the many hamlets, the villas and palaces
Not be be absolutely missed are the Certosa Monumentale (Cartusia Pisarum), a 14th-century monastic complex that also houses the Natural History Museum of the University of Pisa, one of the most important in Europe, showing permanent or temporary exhibitions.