The 2000 hectares Berignone Reserve stretches in the Upper Val di Cecina, between Volterra and Pomarance.
The area includes forests and scrubs, home to animals, like porcupines, hares, over 50 kinds of birds, wild boars and wolves, living amongst the dense oak trees. It comprises waterways criss-crossing the reserve, like the Fosci and Sellate streams and the Cecina River, creating an enjoyable place to go swimming such as the “Masso delle Fanciulle” (The Virgins Rock).
There are plenty of trails that allow visitors to safely explore the wild unspoilt forest. This wildlife territory was a safe place for Resistance fighters during the Second World War a place of work until the 1960s. The wood made a key place for lumberjacks to carry out their trade, who supplied the fuel needed at the salt mines in Volterra. In their work, they dedicated specific areas to the coal cellars,machines turning the trunks into coal.
Last but not least, the forest has kept the ruins of two medieval fortresses: the Vescovi (Bishops) Castle and the Luppiano Castle. The former was not only the residence of the bishops but also, for a short period, the mint of Volterra.