The Museum of Human Anatomy in the Faculty of Medicine, near Piazza dei Miracoli, houses about 3,400 items, including not only anatomical preparations and models, but also archeological collections. In particular, the anatomical section exhibits osteologic, splanchnologic and angiologic preparations.
The anatomical statues are noteworthy, as special angiologic preparations showing the structures of the cardiovascular system.
The archeological section includes Peruvian and Egyptian mummies, pre-Columbian vases, belonging to different pre-Inca cultures, and funerary objects. Other important finds, of great historical and artistic value, are the anatomical plates by the anatomist Paolo Mascagni (1755-1815). This set of collections, which appears heterogeneous, is the legacy of 18th-century Wunderkammern, where everything that could surprise scholars and collectors of that time was gathered and proudly exposed.
The University of Pisa was officially established in 1343. An important revolution in the anatomical studies occurred with the arrival of Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) under invitation of the Grand Duke Cosimo I who built the first anatomical theatre.
This long academic tradition gave strong bases to the creation of an Anatomical Museum in Pisa. Filippo Civinini, to whom the museum is entitled, continued increasing anatomical collections and before the first Conference of Italian Scientists – held in Pisa in 1839 – inaugurated the museum.